Equity and inclusion have been for SID a key theme of research, dialogue and policy identification in the last 10 years. The first initiative - The Rich and Poor Project (RAPP) in 2004 - aimed at deepening the understanding of inequality in Kenya and at exploring solutions through a first phase of research and data collection and a following one of multistakeholder dialogue built on the key findings emerged. A second initiative followed in 2006 - The Regional Integration Equity Programme - with a wider geographic focus on the entire East African region.
This work led to a successful production of reports that have been key to influence debate and policy on the existing dynamics of poverty, growth and inequality, both at national (Kenya) and regional (EAC) level. Some key publications are: The East African Integration: Dynamics of Equity in Trade, Education, media and Labour (2011); Geographic Dimensions of Well-Being in Kenya - Who and Where are the Poor?; Readings on Inequality in Kenya: Sectoral Dynamics and Perspectives (2007); Pulling Apart: Facts and Figures on Inequality in Kenya (2004);
As a follow up of previous work on inequality, in 2013 SID has released two reports which respectively look at the state of inequalities in Kenya and in the wider context of the East African Community. The first one, Exploring Kenya’s Inequality: Pulling Apart or Pooling Together? (2013), examines the current demographic indicators, poverty, access to education, water, sanitation, housing, use of energy in terms of lighting and cooking to the lowest level of administration in Kenya. It provides data on all the constituencies and wards within the 47 counties facilitating inter and intra-county analysis on the state of inequality in Kenya.
The second one One People, One Destiny? The Future of Inequality in East Africa is the 2013 report of the State of East Report Series. It explores the current status of income and wealth inequality both between and within the five East African Community member nations (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda), and imagines three possible and plausible outlooks on the future of inequality in the region.
As a further part of the programme, the geographic focus of this work on inequalities has been expanded to the African continental level with the development of an Africa Inequalities Portal as an online knowledge resource for inequality related issues within Africa.
With this work SID intends to: present simple facts about various manifestations of inequality, and facilitate knowledge based discussions in order to deepen understanding of the contexts on inequality in terms of the causes, possible responses and other technical aspects.