The Trend Monitor Report is a SID initiative sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation with the aim of monitoring and analyzing key trends and patterns in the Greater Horn of Eastern Africa Region (Burundi, DR Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Puntland, Rwanda, Somalia, Somaliland, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda).
Trend Monitoring Report: Water availability, access and equity
Water in the Greater Horn of East Africa: What prospects for what future? Looking to the future, how many of the region's 450 million citizens are likely to have access to safe water, and at an affordable cost? This GHEA newsletter explores these issues, tries to uncover some of their drivers and implications. It takes a look first at the physical availability and distribution of renewable water resources across the eleven countries in the region. It finds some interesting interstate dependencies and reports on the latest effort at managing the regional tension around the equitable use of the Nile basin's water. The report then explores the use of water for household consumption (rather than industrial or agricultural use) in individual countries. It focuses on the trends in access to safe water and improved sanitation between 1990 and 2008, how that access is distributed between urban and rural areas, and what has driven any changes in coverage. It finally examines selected government efforts at providing safe water to their citizens, how the private sector, both formal and informal, contributes to these efforts and their equity implications.
- In this issue:
- Renewable water resources: Sources, volume and distribution
- Is there enough water for everyone? Vulnerability, Stress and Scarcity
- Geopolitics of Water: Managing transboundary resources
- Unequal Access to Improved sources of water and sanitation
- Actions by governments - Private sector participation and performance