State of East Africa Report Series

In response to the rapid political, economic and social changes taking place in East Africa and in the broader African continent, the State of East Africa Report Series - initiated by the SID Regional Office for Eastern Africa in 2005 - provides political leaders, policy makers and citizens with information and insights about the region and the ongoing integration process. The series captures the key changes facing the region and interrogates the drivers and implications of these changes. 

'Regional integration is a complicated but evolving process that starts and ends with the citizenry. One of the major goals of the State of East Africa Report is to provide policy makers, civil society and the private sector with information and analysis that they can use to advocate their concerns and interests with respect to regional integration'.  (Ambassador Juma Mwapachu, SID's President and former Secretary General of the East Africa Community).

If the first SoEA Report 2006 suggested that the quality and committment of the intellectual, political, entrepreneurial  leadership are crucial for the region to achieve its full potential and the  2012 Report concludes that 'the final responsibility for shaping East Africa's future lies with its citizens', the SoEAR2013's key message is 'Not One but Three East Africas' and imagines three different ways in which inequality in East Africa might evolve over the next three decades. Visit the SoEAR website


Energy for Whom? Scenarios for Eastern Africa

In 2016, SID launched an ‘Energy Futures’ initiative that sought to look at possible future scenarios for energy and how these would affect energy poverty in four selected countries of Eastern Africa. The results of this initiative will challenge the conventional wisdom that positive social and economic development can be expected soon after the grid is expanded. Even though national power grids are expanding, the quality of power that is on offer still leaves much to be desired. Frequent brownouts and blackouts mean that the national grid cannot be relied on. Furthermore, and perhaps more importantly, the cost of energy from the grid is still priced beyond the reach of many East Africans. This makes a mockery of the fanfare that has accompanied the electrification programmes and ignores an emerging reality of smaller micro- and mini-grids that are providing affordable power to local communities. Relying mostly on renewable sources for energy generation, they offer an alternative paradigm to the large power-generation projects that are being pushed by the governments. The analysis emerging from this initiative and the three scenarios presented challenge us to imagine different ways the region might meet its energy needs in the period towards 2050 within a context of complex political and economic transitions coupled with looming ecological and climate limits.

 The report has been produced by the Society for International Development with the support of  The Heinrich Böll Stiftung, East and Horn of Africa Regional Office.

                                           Press release |  Full Report 
                 Consolidating Misery? The Political Economy of Inequalities
Building on previous SoEA reports, this edition examines the political economy of inequalities and highlights the relationship between politics and inequality. The report offers some hypotheses as to why inequalities persist and why efforts to address them are unlikely to be successful in the absence of a committed attempt to dismantle and recreate the institutions that distribute power and the networks that have emerged to extract benefits from them. The report analyzes nine sectors divided across economic, social and political pillars, and for each of these sectors it asks questions about the EAC Member States’ performance in the fiscal, normative and ethical domains.
                                              Press release | Full report

             One People One destiny: The Future of Inequality in East Africa

The SoEAR 2013 interrogates to what extent are the fundamental objectives of the Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community of promoting 'balanced and harmonious growth', 'equitable distribution of benefits' and 'people-centered' integration, being achieved. It describes how inequality is manifesting itself in East Africa, unpacks the forces that are shaping it and imagines three different ways in which it might evolve over the next three decades. It also outlines some strategic policy options on how inequality might be addressed, as a way of catalysing national and regional dialogue on the issue, and its implications for integration.
Executive Summary | Introduction | Press release | Key insights | Full report

State of East Africa Report 2012: Deepening Integration, Intensifying Challenges

The SoEAR 2012 - produced in partnership with TradeMark East Africa - compiles and analyses data across key economic, social and political indicators from the five members states of the East African Community  (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda), which update and improve the first State of East Africa Report 2006.
State of East Africa Report 2008: Nature under Pressure
The SoEAR 2008 presents a snapshot look at the status of the region's water, food production and energy resoruces, cosidered as the three of the most important elements in the region's natural system which sustain and enhance the quality of human life.
State of East Africa Report 2007: Searching for the Soul of East Africa
The SoEAR 2007 takes a look beneath the statistics and presents seven essays which reflect on a simple question: Who are we and what shapes us? The essays are contributed by authors from Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania and are completed with eighteen cartoon images, offering a pictorial description of the region, which is irreverent and profound at the same time.
Full Report

State of East Africa Report 2006: Trends, Tensions and Contradictions

The SoEAR 2006 presents a compilation and analyses of a broad range of statistical indicators of the region. Facts and figures in this report highlight where our attentions need to be focused in order to: understand drivers of poverty and inequality and pick up opportunities for a more prosperous and socially inclusive East African integration process.
Full Report

Other SID publications